on Kerala Muslims Studies                                        

English Books

Ali, Muhammad, K.T. The Development of Education Among the Mappilas of Malabar, 1800-1965. Delhi: Mines Publisher, 1990.

Ambedkar, B.R. Pakistan or Partition of India. Bombay: Thacker’s Publishers, 1946.

Ashraf, K.K. ‘‘Reform and Revival Among the Muslims of Kerala- a study of Kerala Muslim Aikya Sangham 1923-1934.” M Phil diss., Jawaharlal Nehru Unniversity,1998.

Aziz, M. Abdul. Rise of Muslims in Kerala Politics. Trivandrum: CBH Publications, 1992.

Aziz, K.K, ed. Completed Works of Rahmat Ali, Vol.1. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1978.

Bahavudeen, K. M. Kerala Muslims, the Long Struggle. Trivandrum: Kerala Historical Society, 1992.
Baker, C.J. The Politics of South India, 1920-1937. Cambridge: University Press, 1976.

Begum, Mumthas. “Muslim Women in Malabar-Study in Social Cultural Change.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2008.

Chaitanya, Krishna. Kerala. Bombay: Indian Book House, 1972.

Chauder, N. Jose. Dynamics of State Politics: Kerala. New Delhi: Sterling Publications, 1982.

Chekkutty, N.P. Muhammad Abdurahman.  New Delhi: National Book Trust of India, 2006.

Dale, Stephen, F. Islamic Society on the South Asian Frontier: The Mappilas of Malabar 1498-1922. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Dhanagare, D. N. Peasant Movements in India, 1920-30. Oxford University Press, 1983.

Engineer, Asghar Ali, ed. Kerala Muslims: A Historical Perspective. Delhi: Ajanta Publications, 1995.

Fakhri, S. M. Abdul Khader. Dravidian Sahibs and Brahmin Maulanas; The Politics of the Muslims of Tamilnadu, 1930-1967. Delhi: Manohar, 2008.
Gabriel, Theodore P. C. Hindu–Muslim Relations in North Malabar, 1498-1947. London: Mellen Press, 1996.
Ganesh, K.N, ed. Culture Modernity: Historical Explorations. Calicut: Calicut University Press, 2004.

Gangadharan, M. The Malabar Rebellion 1921-22.  Allahabad: Vohra Publishers and distributors, 1989.

Gangadharan, M. The Malabar Rebellion. Kottayam: DC Books, 2008.

Gopalankutty, K. “The National Movement in Malabar, 1930-1947.”  PhD diss., Jawaharlal Nehru University, 1989.

Hasan, Mushirul, ed. India's Partition: Process, Strategy and Mobilisation.  Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Hitchcock, R. H. Peasant Revolt in Malabar. Madras: Government Press, reprint 1983.
Hussain, K. “Social and Cultural life of Mappila Muslims of Malabar 1800-1921.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 1998.
Innes, C.A. Madraa District Gazeteers: Malabar. Madras: The Superintendent Government Press, 1951, first published in 1908, F.B.Evans edited and republished it in 1933.

Jalal, Ayesha. Sole Spokeman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and Demand for Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Jeffrey, Robin. The Politics, Women and Well-Being. London: Macmillan, 1992.

Jones, K.W. Socio-Religious Reform Movements in British India. The New Cambridge History Of India III. Cambridge: University Press, 1989.

Joseph, Stella. “Print and Public Sphere in Malabar: A Study of Early Newspapers (1847-1930).”PhD diss., Calicut University, 2009.

Jothi, P.K. "Marumakkathayam Land Monopoly and British Policy in Malabar (1800 – 1933).” PhD diss., Calicut University, 1993.
Kareem, C.K, ed. Kerala Muslims History-Statistics and Directory. 3Vols. Edapally: Charitram Publications, 1997.
Koya, S.M. Mohammad. Mappilas of Malabar:  Studies in Social and Cultural History. Calicut: Sandhya Publications, 1983.
___________________, “Muslims if Malabar with Special Reference to Their Distinctive Characters.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 1988.

Kumar, P. Sudheer. “Education and Political Consciousness in Kerala with Special reference to Malabar 1900 to 1950 A.D.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2007. 

Kumari, C. Vasantha. “State and Social Change - The Role of Judiciary - A Case Study of Malabar, 1792-1940.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2004.

Kumari. E.K. Swarna. “Social Changes in Malabar with special Reference to Two Traditional Communities: 1881-1933.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2002.

Kunhikrishnan, K.V. “Forest Policy and Administration in British Malabar 1800-1947.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 1997.

Kunhikrishnan. V.V. “Tenancy Legislation in Malabar Historical Analyses.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 1987
Kunju, A. P. Ibrahim. Mappila Muslims of Kerala: Their History and Culture. Trivandrum: Kerala History Society, 1989.

Lakshmi, L.R.S. The Malabar Muslims: A Different Perspective. Cambridge University Press India Pvt.Ltd. 2012.

Logan, William. Malabar Mannual,3 vols. Madras: The Suprintendent Goverment of Madras, 1951, first published in 1887 reprint 1906.

Mahajan, Sucheta. Independence and Partition: The Erosion of Colonial Power in India. New Delhi: Sage Publication, 2000.

Mammen, P.M. Communalism Vs Communism; A study of the Socio- Religious Communities and Political Parties in Kerala, 1892-1970. Calcutta: Minema Associates Publication, 1981.

Mathew, George. Communal Road to a Secular Kerala. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company, 1989.

Menon, Dileep. Caste, Nationalism and Communism in South India: Malabar. 1900-1948. Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Menon, P.K.K, ed., History of Freedom Movement in Kerala .Vol. 2, (1885-1938), The Regional Records Survey Committee, Kerala State: Trivandrum, 1972.

Miller, Ronald. Mappilas of Malabar: A study of Islamic Trends. Bombay: Orient Longman, 1976.

Mohammed, U. Educational Empowerment of Kerala Muslims:  Socio-Historical Perspective. Calicut: Other Books, 2007.Bottom of Form

Mohammed. T.A. “Muslim Politics in Kerala (1921-1967).” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2004.

More, J.B.P. Political Evolution and Muslims in Tamilnadu and Madras: 1930-1947. Madras: Oriental Longman, 1997.

Muhammedali, T. “Social Life in South Malabar (1921-47) Relief, Reform and Nationalism.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2004.

Musthafa, K.K. “History of Charitable Homes in Kerala.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2003.

Nair, C. Sankaran. Gandhi and Anarchy. Madras: Tagore &Co., 1922.

Nair, Gopalan C. The Mophla Rebellion, 1921. Kozhikode: Norman Printing Press 1923.

Nair, K. Ramachandran. The History of Trade Union Movement in Kerala. Thiruvananthapuram: The Kerala Institute of Labour and Employment in association with Manak Publication Pvt.Ltd, 2006.

Nair, K.S. Congress and Kerala Politics. Trivandrum: College Book House.  1984. Nanmoodiripad
, E.M.S. How I became A Communist trans. P.K.Nair. Trivandrum: Chinta Publishers 1976.

Namboodiripad, E.M.S. How I Became A Communist, Trans. P.K. Nair. Trivandrum: Chinta Publishers, 1976.

___________________. Kerala Society and Politics An Historical Survey.  New Delhi: National Book Centre, 1984.

___________________. Kerala Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. Calcutta: National Book Agency, 1967.

___________________. National Question in Kerala. Bombay: Peoples Publishing House, 1952.

Narayanan, C. Suma. “The Development of Local Government in Malabar-A Study of the Municipalities and District Board (1866-1956).” PhD diss., CalicutUniversity, 2001.

Nossite,T. J. Communism in Kerala; A study in Political Adaptation. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Osella, Filippo, and Caroline Osella. Social Mobility in Kerala: Modernity and Identity in Conflict. London: Pluto Press, 2000.

Ottappilakkool, Mayankutty. “Role of Ulamah in the Anti-Colonial Struggle of India - A case study of Malabar.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2008.

Padmanabhan, N. “Role of Muslims in the National Movement in Malabar (1921-1947).” PhD diss., Calicut University, 1994.

Panikkar, K.N. Against Lord and State; Religion and Peasant Uprisings in Malabar 1836-1921. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Pasha, N. K. Mustafa, Kamal. “History of Education in Malabar under the British Rule (1792-1947).” PhD diss., Calicut University, 1992.

Philip, Kavita. Civilizing Natures Race, Resources, and Modernity in Colonial South India. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2004.

Pillai, G. Narayana. Social Background of Political Leadership in Kerala. New Delhi: Upal Publishing House, 1983.

Poozhikuth, Muhammed. “Muhammed Abdurahiman: Pursuits and Perspectives of a Nationalist Muslim.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2005.

Priyadarsin, P. “The Role of the Intellectuals in the Growth of the National Movement of Kerala.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2007.

Qreshi, Muammed, Naeem. Pan-Islam in British Indian Politics: A Study of the Khilafat Movement, 1918 – 1924. Brill: Leiden, 1999.

Radakrishnan, P. Peasant Struggles, Land Reform and Social Change: Malabar, 1832-1982. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1989.

Rantatani, Hussain. Mappila Muslims: A Study on Society and Anti-Colonial Struggles. Calicut: Other Books, 2007.

Ravindran, T.K.  Vaikam Satyagraha and Gandhi. Trichur: Srinarayana Institute of Social and Cultural Development, 1975.

Razak, P.P.Abdul. “Colonialism and Community Formation in Malabar: A Study of Muslims of Malabar.” PhD Dissertation, Calicut University, 2008.

Razakhan, Mohamed. What Price Freedom: A Historical Survey of the Political Trends and Conditions Leading to Independence and the Birth of Pakistan and After. Madras, 1969.

Robert L. Hadrgrave, Jr. Essays in the Political Sociology of South India. New Delhi: Usha Publications, 1979.

Robinson, Francis. Separatism Among Indian Muslims: The Politics of the United Provinces' Muslims, 1860-1923. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974.

S. Raimon, ed., The History of Freedom Movement in Kerala, Vol.3 (1938-1948). Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala State Archives Department: Government of Kerala, 2006.

Samad, M.A. Islam in Kerala: Groups and Movements in the 20th Century. Kollam:  Laurel Publications, 1998.

Sharafudeen, S. Muslims of Kerala-A Modern Approach. Trivandrum: Kerala Historical Society, 2003.

_____________. The Resurgence among Muslims of Kerala 1900-1980. Trivandrum: University of Kerala, 1993.
Sitaramayya, B. Pattabhi. The History of Congress. Madras: Law Printing House, 1935.

Smith, Bardwell, L., ed. Religion and Social Conflict in South Asia. Netherlands: E.J. Brill Publications, 1976.

Smith, W. C. Modern Islam in India: A Social Analysis Lahore: Minerva Book Shop Anarkali: 1943.

Thilleri, Vasu. “Political Journalism and National Movement In Malabar.” PhD diss., Calicut University, May 2008.

Thursby, G.R. Hindu Muslim Relation in British India: A Story of Controversy Conflict and Communal Movement in Northern India.1923-1928. Leiden, 1975.

Vatakkayil, Jyothirmani. “The Activities of the Servants of Indian Society in Kerala: A Study of the DMRT Movement.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2007.

Vattarambath, Sreevidhya . “Aftermath of the Rebellion - A Study of Political and Social Trends in Malabar from 1921 to 1935.” PhD diss., Calicut University, 2007.

Vijayalakshmy. A.S. “Genesis and Growth of Malabar Kudiyan Sangham and the Peasant Issues in Malabar Up to 1947.”  PhD diss., Calicut University, 2008.

Wood, Conrad. The Moplah Rebellion and Its Genesis. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House, 1987.
Woodcock, George. Kerala, London: Faber &Faber, 1967.

Malayalam Books

AbdulKareem, K.K. Muhammed .K.M Maulavi Jeeva Charitram. Calicut: Yuvatha Books House, 1985.

Aboobacker, Pinangode. 100 Navothana Nayakanmar. Chelari: Hira Books, 2012.

______. Vazhiadayalangal. Chelari: Hira Publication, 2009.

Aboosiddique. Seethi Sahib. Calicut: Green House Publishers, 1996.

Ansari, M.T. Malabar: Desheeyathayude Ida-padukal. Kottayam: D C Books, 2008.

Amma, V. Parukkutty. K.P. Kesava Menon. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 2005.

Bahaudheen, K.M. Kerala Muslimkal Cheruthunilpinte Charitram. Calicut: Islamic Publishing House, 1995.

Basheer, T.P.M. K.K. Abu Sahib . Malappuram: Grace Educational Association, 2012.

Brahmadathan Namboodiripad, Mozhikunnath. Khilafat Smaranakal. Kozhikode: Mathrubhumi Press, 1965.

Cheroopa, T.P. Kanalpathangalilude Oral: Ebrahim Sulaiman Sait. Kozhikode: 1998.

Dasaharathi. Malabarile Mappila Lahala. Calicutt: 1971.

Faizee, P.P. Mohamed. Samastha. Mampuram: Samastha Kerala Jam-Iyyathul Ulama Tirurangadi Taluk Committee, 2005.

Farook College Golden Jubilee Souvenir. Souvenir, Farook: Farook Coleege, 1998.

Ganesh, K.N. Kerala Samooha Padanamgal. Pathanamthitta: Prasakthi , 2002.

Gangadaran. M. Mappila Padanangal. Calicut: Vachanam Books, 2004.

Gopalan, A.K. Ente Jeevithakadha. Thiruvananthapuram: Chinta Publishers, 1980.

Gopalan Kutty, K. Malabar Padanangal. Thiruvananthapuram: State Institute of Languages, Kerala, 2007.

K.P. Shamsudheen Thirurkadu, ed., Seethi Sahibinte Lekhanangal. Malappuram: Green Channel Publications, 2009.

K.Sreekumar. K Kelappan. Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala State Institute of Children's Literature, 2008.

Kareem, K.K. Muhammed Abdul. K M Maulavi. Kozhikode: Yuvatha Book House, 1985.

Konnare, Mujeeb Thangal. Panakkad P.M.S.A. Pookkoya Thangal Jeevecharithram. Malappuram: Zamzam Publication, 2008.

Kunchimmosa, K.P. Kottal Uppi Sahib. Malappuram: Grace Educational Associationn, 2011.

________. Moidu Maulavi: Noottantinte Sakshi. Thrissur: Kerala Sahitya Akademi, 2009.

Kurup, K.K.N. Adhunika Keralam: Charitragaveshanaprabhandhangal. Thiruvananthapuram: The State Institute of Languages,Kerala, 1982, third edition 2011.

_______. Keralathile Karshika Kalapangal. Kozhikode: The Mathrubhumi Printing & Publishing Co.Ltd, 2008.

Kuttasssery, P. Mohammed. Moulana Abussabah Ahmad Ali. Malappuram: Grace Education Society, 2012.

Malayalam Translation of Abul Jalal Nadvi Sahib's Presidential address in Kerala Jam-Iyathul Ulama 12th annual Conference held at Punnapra. Presidential Address, Tirur: Jamaliya Press, 1936, 32.

Mathrubhumiyute Charitram (Samgraham). Calicut: The Mathrubhumi Printing & Publishing Co.Ltd, 2000.
Maulavi, E.Moidu. Maulaviyude Atmakatha. Kottayam: SPCS, 1985.

_________. Ente kootukaaran Mohammad Abdurahiman Sahib. Calicut.: Mohammed Abdurahiman Press, 1964.

_________. Charitra Chintakal. 1981.

_________. Ormakal. Kozhikode: N.P. Abu, 1960.

Maulavi, K Kottayi. 1921le Mappila Lahala.Tirurangadi:1953.

Menon, A. Sreedhara. Keralacharitram. Kottayam: D C Books, 1967, reprint 2007.

________. Keralavum Swathanthrya Samaravum. Kottayam: D C Books, 1997.

Menon, K.P.Kesava. Kazhinja Kalam. Calicut: Mathrubhumi Press,reprint 1982.

Menon, M.P.S. Malabar Samaram: MP Narayanamenonum Sahapravarthakarum. Kozhikode: IPH, 1992.

Mohammed, M.P.K. Malabar Mappilamar Ormakaliloode. Chennamangallur: B.R.C. Publication, 1998.

 Moyarath, Janardhanan , ed.,  Moyarath Shankaran Athmakathayum Charithrasmaranakalum. Thiruvananthapuram: Chinta Publishers, 2012.

Muhammad, Khan Bahadur K. Mappilamar Engottu. Trichur: Mangalodayam Pvt Ltd, 1956.

Muhammad, P.A. Syed. Kerala Muslim Charitram. Trichur : Current Books, 1956.

Nair, K. Madhavan. Malabar Kalapam. Calicut: Mathrubhumi, 1971.

Nair, Perunna K.N. Keralathile Congress Prasthanam. Cochin: Prathiba Publications, 1967, reprint 1986.

Namboodiripad, E.M.S. Keralam Malayaliyude Mathrubhoomi. Thiruvananthapuram: Chinta Publishers, 1948, reprint 2009.

Parappil, P.P. Mammed Koya. Kozhikkote Muslim Charitram. Kozhikode: P.P. Mammed Koya Parappil, 1994.

Pillai, A.K. Keralavum Congressum.Trivandrum: Charitram Publications,1931, reprinted 1982.

Poduval.A.K. Keralatile Karshaka Prasthanatinte Oru Lagu Charitram. Trivandrum: Prabatham Printing and Publishing Co., 1969.

Pottekkad, S.K et al. Muhammad Abdurahaman. Kozhikode: Mathrubhumi Press, 1978.

 Presidential Address of Maulavi Abdul Hamid Saheb in the First Annual Meeting of Old Students of Malappuram Government Training School. Presidential Address, Kozhikode: Ramakrishna Press, 1931.

Presidential Address of Yakub Hassan Sahib in the Kerala Muslim Youth Conference on May 1933. Presidential Address, Kozhikode: Norman Printing Bureau , 1933.

Rasheed, M. Muhammad Abdurahaman Sahib. Kozhikode: Islamic Publishing House, 1984.

Report of the first Muslim League Representatives Meetings to Form Malabar District Branch of the Party, Aims and Objectives of the Party, Resolutions in the Meeting and Fifteen Points of 
Muhammedali Jinnah. Tallicherry: Chandrika Press, 1937.

Report Presented in the Second Annual Conference of Malabar District Muslim League Committee. Annual Report, Tallicherry: Chandrika Press, 16/04/1941.

Sajith. N.S, ed., Malabar Kalapathinte Ahwanam. Calicut: Progress Publication, 2011.
Thangal, M.I. Neunapaksharashtreeyam Darshanavum Douthyavum. Ernamkulam: Grace Education Association, 2010.
Thanoor, C.K. Quaide Millathinte Darshanangal. Tirur: Green Channel Publications, 2007.

Tharakkad, Mathew, ed., Malabarile Manmanha Swathanthrya Samara Nethakkal. Kozhikode: Navakerala Co-operative Publishing House, 2008.

Thirurkkadu, K.P.Shamsudheen, comp., Seethi Sahibinte Lekhanangal. Tirur: Green Channel Publications, 2009

Vatakara, M.C. Muslim League: Nilapadukalude Neethisastram. Calicut: Vachanam Books, 2005.


Abraham, Santhosh. “Colonialism and Making of Criminal Categories in British India.” Nalsar Law Review 6, no.1 (2011): 151-165.

Ansari, M. T. “Refiguring the Fanatic: Malabar 1836-1922.” In Muslims, Dalits and the Fabrications of History, Subaltern Studies  Series vol.XII, edited by Shail Mayaram, M S S Pandian and Ajay Skaria, New Delhi: Permanent Black and Ravi Dayal, 2005.

Arnold, David. “The Armed Police and Colonial Rule in South India, 1914-1947.” Modern Asian Studies 11, no. 1 (1977): 101-125.

Arunima, G. “Imagining communities–differently: Print, language and the ‘public sphere’ in colonial Kerala.”  Indian Economic Social History Review 43, no.1 (2006): 63-76.

Bahauddin, K. M. “Socio-Economic Changes and Spread of Education among Kerala Muslims.” Muslims in India 24, no.277 (2007).

Benjamin N. “From Nationalism to Communalism: A case study of Moplah Rebellion of 1921.” Journal of Kerala Studies 1 and 2, (1973).

Chandra, Bipan “Gandhiji, Secularism and Communalism.” Social Scientist 32, no. 1 and 2 (2004): 3-29.
____________. “Indian Peasantry and National Integration.” Social Scientist 5, no. 2 (1976).

Chirayankandath, James. “Hindu Nationalism and Regional Political Culture in India: A Study of Kerala.” Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 2 (1996).

 ___________________. “Unity in diversity'? Coalition politics in India (with special reference to Kerala).”  Democratization4 no.4 (1997).

Dale, S.F. “The Islamic Frontier in Southwest India: The Shahīd as a Cultural Ideal among the Mappilas of Malabar.” Modern Asian Studies 11, no. 1 (1977): 41-55.

Dale, S. F. and, M. Gangadhara Menon. “Nerccas: Saint-Martyr Worship among the Muslims of Kerala.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 41, no. 3 (1978): 523-538.

Desai, Manali. “Party Formation, Political Power, and the Capacity for Reform: Comparing Left Parties, Kerala and West Bengal.” Social Forces 80, no. 1 (2001).

Dhanagare, D.N. “Agrarian Conflict, Religion and Politics: The Moplah Rebellions in Malabar in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.” Past & Present, no. 74 (1977):112-141.

Gopalankutty, K. “Mobilization against State and Not Against Landlords: The Civil Disobedience Movement in Malabar.” Indian Economy and History Review 26, no.4 (1989)

______________. “The Task of Transforming the Congress: Malabar 1934-1940.” Studies in History 5, no.2 (1989).

Gough, Kathleen. “Peasant Resistance and Revolt in South India.” Pacific Affairs 41, no.4 (1968-1969): 526-554.

_____________. “Indian Peasant Uprisings.” Economic and Political Weekly 9, no. 32 and 34  (1974): 1391-1393.

Gupta, Charu. “Articulating Hindu Masculinity and Femininity: 'Shuddhi' and 'Sangathan' Movements in United Provinces in the 1920s.” Economic and Political Weekly 33, no. 13 (1998):  727-735.

Hardgrave, R. L. Jr. “The Mappila Rebellion, 1921: Peasant Revolt in Malabar.” Modern Asian Studies 11, no. 1 (1977): 57-99.

Hasan, Mushirul. “Communalism in the Provinces: A Case Study of Bengal and the Punjab, 1922-26.”  Economic and Political Weekly15, no. 33 (1980): 1395-1401+1403-1406

___________. “Religion and Politics: The Ulama and Khilafat Movement.”  Economic and Political Weekly 16, no. 20 (1981): 903-912.

Houtart, Fnncois. “Socio - Religious Movements in Kerala- A reaction to the capitalist mode of production.” Social Scientist 6, no.11 (1978).

Houtart, Francois and, Genevieve  Lemercinier. “Socio-Religious Movements in Kerala: A Reaction to the Capitalist Mode of Production: Part Two.” Social Scientist 6, no. 12 (1978): 25-43.

Jeffrey, Robin. “Temple-Entry Movement in Travancore, 1860-1940.” Social Scientist 4, no. 8 (1976): 3-27.

___________. “Matriliny, Marxism, and the Birth of the Communist Party in Kerala, 1930-1940.” The Journal of Asian Studies 38, no. 1 (1978).

___________. “Testing Concepts about Print, Newspapers, and Politics: Kerala, India, 1800–2009.” The Journal of Asian Studies 68, no. 2 (2009): 465-489.

Karat, Prakash. “Agrarian Relations in Malabar: 1925 to 1948. Part Two: Differentiation amongst the Peasantry.” Social Scientist 2, no. 3 (1973): 30-43.

____________. “The Peasant Movement in Malabar, 1934-40.” Social Scientist 5, no. 2, (1976): 30-44.
Kurien, Prema. “Colonialism and Ethno Genesis: A Study of Kerala, India.” Theory and Society 23, no. 3 (1994): 385-417.

Kurup, K.K.N. “Peasantry and the Anti-Imperialist Struggles in Kerala.” Social Scientist 16, no. 9 (1988): 35-45.

Muhammedali, T. “In Service of Nation: Relief and Reconstruction in Malabar in the Wake of Rebellion of 1921.” Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 68th Session, 2007.

Menon, M. Dileep. “Becoming ‘Hindu’ and ‘Muslim’ Identity And Conflict in Malabar 1900-1936.” CDS, Working Paper Series, 255 (1994): 1-27.

______________. “Conjunctural Community: Communism in Malabar, 1934-1948.” Economic and Political Weekly 27, no. 51/52 (1992): 2705- 2715

_______________. “Peasants and Politics in Malabar.” Economic and Political Weekly 32, no. 41 (1997): 2618-2620.

Mukherjee, Mridula. “Peasant Resistance and Peasant Consciousness in Colonial India: 'Subalterns' and Beyond.” Economic and Political Weekly 23, no. 42 (1988): 2174-2185.

Muralidharan, Sukumar. “Religion, Nationalism and the State: Gandhi and India's Engagement with Political Modernity.” Social Scientist 34, no. 3 and 4 (2006): 3-36.

Oommon, T. K. “Agrarian Legislations and Movements as Sources of Change: The Case of Kerala.” Economic and Political Weekly 10, no. 40 (1975): 1571-1584.

Osella, Filippo, and Caroline Osella. “Islamism and Social Reform in Kerala, South India.” Modern Asian Studies 42, no. 2 and 3 (2008).

 Pandey, Gyanendra. “Questions of Nationalism and Communalism.” Economic and Political Weekly 22, no. 25 (1987): 983-984.

Panikkar, K.N. “Agrarian Legislation and Social Classes: A Case Study of Malabar.”  Economic and Political Weekly 13, no. 21 (1978): 880-888.

____________. “Peasant Struggles and Social Change.” Economic and Political Weekly 24, no.42 (1989): 2372.

Pillai, P.Gopinathan. “Left Movement and Agrarian Relations in Kerala.”  Eastern Anthropologist 152, no.3 (1999).

Radhakrishnan, P. “Peasant Struggles and Land Reforms in Malabar.” Economic and Political Weekly 15, no. 50 (1980): 2095-2102.

Raghavan, T.C.A. “Origins and Development of Hindu Mahasabha Ideology: The Call of V D Savarkar and Parmanand.” Economic and Political Weekly 18, no. 15 (1983): 595-600.

Salahudheen, O.P. “Political Ferment in Malabar.”  Social Scientist 35, no. 11 and 12 (2007): 29-38.
Shea, Thomas. “Agrarian Unrest and Reform in South India.”  Far Eastern Survey 23, no.6 (1954): 81-88.
Sherman, C. Taylor. “From Hell to Paradise? Voluntary Transfer of Convicts to the Andaman Islands, 1921–1940.” Modern Asian Studies 43, no. 2 (2009): 367-388.

Sikand,  S. Yoginder. “The Fitna of Irtidad: Muslim Missionary Response to the Shuddhi of Arya Samaj in Early Twentieth Century India.” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 17, no. 1 (1997): 65-82.

Theodore P. Wright, Jr. "The Muslim League in South India since Independence: A Study in Minority Group Political ." The American Political Science Review, 60, no. 3 (1966): 579-599.

Vandevelde, Iris. “Reconversion to Hinduism: A Hindu Nationalist Reaction Against Conversion to Christianity and Islam.” South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 34, no 1, (2011): 31-50
Against Conversion to Christianity and Islam, South Asia.” Journal of South Asian Studies 34 no. 1(2011): 31-50.
Vattarambath, Sreevidya. “Growth of Tenancy Movement in Malbar in the Post 1921 Rebellion Period.” Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 68th Session (2007).

Vishwanathan, L.S. “Peasant Movements in Colonial India: An Examination of Some Conceptual Frameworks.” Economic and Political Weekly 25, no. 2 (1990): 118-122.

Wood, Conrad. “Historical Background of the Moplah Rebellion: Outbreaks, 1836-1919.” Social Scientist 3, no. 1 (1974) 5-33.

____________. “The First Moplah Rebellion against British Rule in Malabar.”  Modern Asian Studies 10, no.4 (1976).

 ___________. “The Moplah Outbreaks: A Discussion Contribution.”  The Journal of Asian Studies 36, no. 2 (1977): 391-399.

Woodburne, A. S. “The Present Religious Situation in India.” The Journal of Religion 3, no. 4 (1923).